State-of-the-art biometric border management solutions
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) has created the international standard for the first generation of ePassports that uses an RFID chip containing personal data together with simple biometric data. This standard, known as Basic Access Control (BAC), entails using digital signatures on the personal data to support the detection of cloned and modified ePassports. Introduced eMRTD digital data validation at inspection systems.
The European Commission's "Article 6 Committee" is carrying out the coordination and standardization effort between the countries adopting the Extended Access Control (EAC) standard for the second generation of eMRTD. These eMRTD provide stronger security mechanisms against the fraudulent use of the personal identity information stored on the eMRTD chip.